Earthquake Response Program

Earthquake Response Component
 
Two major earthquakes hit a very large area of Nepal on April 25th and May 12th 2015, severely affecting the Central and Western Development Regions. The quake and aftershocks brought widespread damages in infrastructure and loss of life across the country, killing approximately 9,000 people and injuring more than 22,000.
 
PAF is working in the 14 earthquake-affected districts namely Dolakha, Dhading, Gorkha, Khotang, Lamjug, Makawanpur, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchowk, Okhaldhunga, Rasuwa, Ramechhap, Sindhuli, and Solukhumbu. In these districts, PAF supports to the government in its rehabilitation program. PAF has given mandate to its POs to carry out program intervention as well as damage and needs assessment, conduct training, and facilitate the affected population to reconstruct their houses in accordance with the construction guidelines of the National Reconstruction Authority (NRA). POs are also mandated to rehabilitate the affected infrastructure schemes funded by PAF and revitalization of the PAF-supported Revolving Fund.
 
Under these Earthquake Response Program of PAF, the target communities of are poor rural and urban people with special emphasis on women, Dalits,  and other ethnic minorities and vulnerable groups. 
 
PAF’s intervention on post-earthquake response comprises the following four components:
 
  1. Infrastructure Rehabilitation: Infrastructure rehabilitation for the existing COs, to rehabilitate the totally and partially damaged infrastructures.
  2. CRF revitalization: Revitalization of economic activity to enable affected COs to resume RF services by reinstating the CRF operations to the pre-quake level. Earthquake effects on the CRFs include: (i) Damages to members’ assets financed by CRF with a high likelihood of inability of the borrowers to repay according to the schedule; and (ii) Damages to cash. There may also be cases of losses and damages of CRF records and documents.
  3. Restoration of community utilities: Revitalization of community through social mobilization which seeks to address immediate resource constraints to re-commencing the social mobilization processes, the base of community-driven development.
  4. Mason training: Skill enhancement of disaster recovery and livelihoods to enhance the skills of the laborers to construct earthquake-resistant housing and infrastructure.
PAF has a target of providing Training of Trainers (TOT) on Earthquake Resilient Construction Technology to 60 technical persons and conducting mobile training to 57,142 house owners on earthquake resilient construction. Similarly, 4,500 masons will be trained at the earthquake-affected districts through 180 mason training events. As many as 396 social mobilizer and Program Coordinators (PCs) are also trained to facilitate the reconstruction works at project districts.